During the fall of 2020, Preservation Long Island invites the public to participate in three roundtables across Long Island that will explore the legacy of slavery on Long Island and the life of Jupiter Hammon.

If you are interested in some reading material or you are curious to learn more, you will find a collected list of resources below.


A selection of engaging websites and databases designed for you to explore while learning.
  1. New-York Historical Society, Slavery in New York
  2. National Museum of African American History & Culture, Talking about Race 
  3. Historic Hudson Valley, People Not Property
  4. Brooklyn Historical Society, 400 Years of Inequality: Slavery, Race, and Our Unresolved History 
  5. Mapping the African American Past
  6. New York Slavery Records Index 
  7. Plain Sight Project
  8. African Burial Ground
  9. RACE Project
  10. New York Times, 1619 Project 
  11. Slave Voyages Database
  12. Freedom on the Move: A Database of Fugitives from American Slavery 
  13. Colonial Williamsburg, Slavery and Remembrance 
  14. James Madison’s Montpelier, A Mere Distinction of Color 


Original historic documents (letters, essays, poems, laws, etc.). Here you can read Jupiter Hammon’s own handwriting and much more.
  1. Jupiter Hammon, “An Evening Thought,” 1760 
  2. Jupiter Hammon, “Dear Anne Hutchinson is Dead and Gone”, 1770
  3. Jupiter Hammon, “An Address to Miss Phillis Wheatley,” 1778
  4. Jupiter Hammon, “An Address to the Negroes in the State of New-York,” 1786
  5. Jupiter Hammon, “An Essay on Slavery”, 1786
  6. Papers of the Lloyd Family of the Manor of Queens Village
  7. “Census of Slaves”, 1755 
  8. An Act Concerning Slaves, 1788
  9. An Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery, 1799
  10. Town of Huntington Manumission Records, 1800-24
  11. An Act Relative to Slaves and Servants, 1817


Professional examination of historical events, documents, and people.
  1. Hofstra University Library – Slavery on Long Island
  2. Charla Bolton & Rex Metcalf, “The Migration of Jupiter Hammon and His Family: From Slavery to Freedom and its Consequences
  3. Stanley Ransom, ed. America’s First Negro Poet: The Complete Works of Jupiter Hammon of Long Island
  4. African Americans in the Town of Huntington: The Early Years
  5. NPR 5-Minute Listen, “Student Finds New Work By First Published African-American Poet”
  6. Sylvester Manor Educational Farm, “Tammero, Oyou, and Obium”
  7. Jenna Coplin & Chris Matthews, “The Archaeology of Captivity and Freedom at Joseph Lloyd Manor”
  8. Allison McGovern, “Digging the Roots of Inequality on Long Island”
  9. Jenna Coplin, ed., “Mapping African American History Across Long Island”


  1. Lloyd Harbor Historical Society
  2. Sylvester Manor Educational Farm 


The official list of books, articles, and essays which informed the development of the Jupiter Hammon Project.

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